Online Learning 101

Online education is growing fast. This thread is like an Industry 101 course.

1. It’s harder to sell a course than build one. The top online schools are run by people with the largest audiences, not necessarily the best teachers. But building an audience trains you to teach.

2. Teaching follows a power law. Like most of the Internet, there are disproportionate returns to being the best. In public schools, even the best teachers have no more than 100 students at a time. Online, the best teachers can have thousands of students.

3. In online education, there can be increasing returns to scale. Colleges tout the benefits of small classrooms because big class sizes tend to harm the student experience. In online courses, depending on the subject, class sizes in the 1000s can enhance the student experience.

4. Come for the course, stay for the community. Having 1000s of people in a live session at once doesn’t hurt the student experience, but accepting non-serious participants does. Community strength — not information — differentiates most high-end schools.

5. Online education brands are built around courses, not schools. When people talk about traditional education, they talk about schools like Harvard and Yale. But when they talk about online education, they talk about individual courses like AltMBA and Building a Second Brain.

6. Online schools exist on a spectrum between performance marketing and brand marketing. Every school prioritizes either short-term sales or long-term brand building. The industry’s scammy reputation comes from the creators who prioritize performance over brand (hat tip to Wes Kao).






7. Learning is active, education is passive. Until now, most online education has been a passive experience with pre-recorded videos and little student-to-student interaction. For active learning schools, community building will become an essential skill.

8. Teaching online demands many skills. None of these skills are hard to learn, but many are inversely correlated with each other so good online teachers are a rare breed. Those skills fall into four buckets: (1) business, (2) marketing, (3) entertainment, and (4) education.






9. Online learning demands new research. It’s no coincidence that many of the top online teachers have never taught in a real classroom. Teaching online demands a different skillset. Since the experience is so different, traditional pedagogy isn’t helpful for online educators.

10. Entertainment and education. If online educators have a core insight, it’s that entertainment and education are symbiotic. Most of my teachers saw them as opposites. They made learning a boring and uneventful endeavor. If online teachers do that, they’ll go out of business.

11. Learning and daycare. Today, kids spend way too much time sitting down in school. By unbundling learning and daycare, online learning will change that. Kids will benefit by escaping the tyranny of boring lectures. For parents who need supervision, let’s expand daycare hours.

12. Online learning lives on a spectrum between inspiration and skill-building. On the inspiration side, you have companies like Masterclass and Marie Forleo’s B-School. On the skill-building side, you ones like Lambda School who deliver a desired outcome (hat tip to Tiago Forte).






13. Global Pricing. Today, the industry has no norms around price discrimination. Schools sometimes offer location-specific pricing. People in countries with weak currencies have legitimate gripes with the high price points of many schools, but discounts may upset other students.


The Future of Education

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